586 BCE

First account of Jewish presence in Algeria.


Large increase in the Jewish population following the Reconquista when the Spanish inquisition expels Jews from their county of origin. Jews create communities primarily in Oran and Algiers and preserve the Ladino language.


French attack on Algeria. French citizens (with national voting rights, required participation in military services, and subjection to French laws) are distinguished from Jews and Muslims who keep their own laws and courts.


Jewish courts are abolished. French courts are used to adjudicate cases involving Jews. Later, the communal structure is reorganized. Chief Rabbis are appointed for each region to enforce the laws and loyalty to France.


Jews are granted French citizenship under the décrets Crémieux of 1870.


120,000 Jews living in Algeria. Muslim riots in Constantine in 1934 kill 25 Jews and injure many more as a result of pro-Nazi sentiment. Until the 1940s, the French Vichy government persecutes the Jewish community socially and economically.


Algerian independence. Algerian Nationality code of 1963 allows only those with Muslim ancestors to gain citizenship. Many Jews leave for relocation in France. Only about 10, 000 Jews remain, primarily in the city of Algiers.


Civil war in Algeria causes most of the remaining Jews to emigrate. The Armed Islamic Group rebel in 1994 declares war on all non-Muslims in Algeria.


No Jews remaining in Algeria.